Venera 9 to 14
Venera 9 to 14 were a series of Soviet spacecraft that successfully landed and collected data directly on the surface of Venus from 1975 to 1983. They all comprise of two main parts, the main spacecraft bus and the landers themselves. The first two missions saw their main buses orbit Venus, while the latter four missions conducted a flyby, all of which sent landers to different locations of Venus, of which they operated on the hostile surface for only 1-2 hours at most.
NOTE: The names of the orbiters are separate from its number (e.g. Venera 9), while landers have their names and numbers joined together (e.g. Venera9)
View from the lander of Venera 9, October 1975
View from the lander of Venera 10, October 1975
The Venusian surface as seen by the lander of Venera 13, March 1982
The Venusian surface as seen by the lander of Venera 14, March 1982
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