Author(s): Marco Klunder toutatis

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Phoenix is a NASA spacecraft that landed on the northern regions of Mars in 2008. Its mission is to assess local habitability and to research the history of water on Mars. It reused the hardware meant for the cancelled Mars Surveyor 2001 mission, and fulfilled the objectives set for the failed Mars Polar Lander in 1999. Its design also became the basis for the InSight mission just ten years later

Phoenix before (left) and during launch (right)

Phoenix during its EDL as seen by the MRO, 2008-May-25

Vastitas Borealis, the landing site of Phoenix, 2008

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